Everyone understands how to use capital letters, right?
Well, not always in OET.
We all know the rule about starting a new sentence with a capital letter and for the names of patients.
Using capital letters correctly for names of medical conditions is something students seem less clear about.
As a rule, medical conditions which are named after the person who ‘discovered’ it or is associated with its treatment are capitalised (but not the word which comes after it). For example:
- Parkinson’s disease
- Alzheimer’s disease
- Chron’s disease
- Asperger’s syndrome
- Down syndrome
Other medical conditions are not capitalised:
- multiple sclerosis
If in doubt, copy it from where you can see it written down: the case notes in the test or from an Internet search.