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Don’t make silly mistakes with capital letters

By 18 April 2018Language Tips

Capital letters rule #1

Everyone understands how to use capital letters, right?

Well, not always in OET.

We all know the rule about starting a new sentence with a capital letter and for the names of patients.

Using capital letters correctly for names of medical conditions is something students seem less clear about.

As a rule, medical conditions which are named after the person who ‘discovered’ it or is associated with its treatment are capitalised (but not the word which comes after it). For example:

  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Alzheimer’s disease
  • Chron’s disease
  • Asperger’s syndrome
  • Down syndrome

Other medical conditions are not capitalised:

  • multiple sclerosis
  • arthritis
  • anorexia

If in doubt, copy it from where you can see it written down: the case notes in the test or from an Internet search.